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Cahill, J B. “Walker, Abraham Beverly.” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 13, U of Toronto P, P

               De U Laval, 1994.

---. “First Things in Africadia; Or, The Trauma of Being a Black Lawyer in Late Victorian Saint

               John.’” University of New Brunswick Law Journal, vol. 47, 1998, pp. 367 – 377.

Clarke, George Elliott. Directions Home: Approaches to African-Canadian Literature. U of Toronto

               P, 2012.

---. Odysseys Home: Mapping African-Canadian Literature. U of Toronto P, 2002.

Marquis, Greg. "A War Within a War: Canadian Reactions to D. W. Griffith’s The Birth of a Nation."

                Social History vol. 47, no. 94, pp. 421-442.​

McKay, Ian. "Strikes in the Maritimes, 1901-1914." Acadiensis, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 3-46.

Spray, W. A. The Blacks in New Brunswick. Brunswick Press, 1972.

Walker, James W. St. G. Racial Discrimination in Canada: The Black Experience. Canadian 

                Historical Association, 1985.

Winks, R. The Blacks in Canada: A History. 2nd ed., McGill-Queen's University Press, 2014.

---. “Negroes in the Maritimes: An Introductory Survey.” The Dalhousie Review, vol. 48, no. 4, 


Primary Sources

Ellis, Frank B. “The Story of Saint John: An Historical Sketch.” The Book of Saint John, Saint John

               Board of Trades, 1903, pp. 7-26.

Walker, Abraham Beverly, ed. Neith: A Magazine of Literature, Science, Art, Philosophy,

                Jurisprudence, Criticism, History, Reform, Economics, vol. 1-2, 1903-1904.

Walker, Abraham Beverly. “A Special Note to Our Friends.” Neith, vol. 1, no. 5, Jan. 1904, p. 199.

---. “Editorial Announcements.” Neith, vol. 1, no. 1, Feb. 1903, pp. 59-60.

---. “Prefatory Remarks.” Neith, vol. 1, no. 1, Feb. 1903, p. 1.

---. “The Negro Problem, and How to Solve It, No. 1, Part 1.” Neith, vol. 1, no. 1, Feb. 1903, pp.


A Magazine of Literature, 

Science, Art, Philosophy,

Jurisprudence, Criticism